An Introduction to GEIDAI Animation

(This article will likely undergo several revisions over the next couple weeks as I add more entries for individual artists and more information to the artists already covered. Since I wanted to get this out before GEIDAI 07 starts later this week, I was willing to sacrifice some level of polish and detail for topicality’s sake)

GEIDAI Animation, the Tokyo University of the Art’s Animation Masters program, is the most prestigious animation school in Japan. Around a dozen students are admitted each year and the core teaching staff includes independent animators Koji Yamamura (professor of 2D animation), Yuichi Ito (stop motion), and Taruto Fuyama (replacing film critic Takehito Deguchi for research and theory after the second year), and former NHK producer Mitsuko Okamoto (business/production). It’s a two year track with students required to produce a short film for each year. Starting in 2010 the University has held a public screening of these student films in March. For most animation schools, student films are glorified technical exercises without room for much individual expression; the student films at Gobelins, for instance, generally have half a dozen directors and artists working on them with no single dominating voice. However at GEIDAI these student films are the entire purpose of the program. Rather than take newbie animators and teach them the basics of technique, GEIDAI focuses on giving established artists the opportunity to make a couple short films with complete creative freedom.

It’s a remarkable program in a lot of ways. The student body is extremely diverse: majority of graduates are women and there’s a large number of ethnic minorities (Chinese, Korean, Thai, French) as well. The school emphasizes the critical dimension of animation in a way very few animation schools attempt, with regular lectures by scholars Ilan Nguyen and Eiji Otsuka, as well as their Contemporary Animation series which has featured guest lectures and retrospectives by Priit Parn, Caroline Leaf, Georges Schwizgebel, Clare Kitson, Lei Lei, Ruth Lingford, Igor Kovalyov, Co Hoedeman, Gil Alkabetz, and Tadanari Okamoto. Most significantly, the program is conversant with the larger Japanese tradition of animation. Industry vets Masaaki Yuasa, Rintaro, Gisaburo Sugii, Yasuhiro Yoshiura, and Sunao Katabuchi have all attended the March screening, as have non-affiliated independents like Tomoyasu Murata and Nobuhiro Aihara. This year Taiyo Matsumoto is giving a talk to the students.

But most remarkable are the films themselves. Independent animation can be as aesthetically incestuous as the worst commercial product, and many independent animators willingly squander the opportunities of creative freedom, but in nearly every one of their graduates GEIDAI manages to avoid such problems. Forget Gobelins, CalArts, or even Japanese animation in general – GEIDAI warrants comparison to the best of auteur-driven animation from around the world. It’s closest points of reference are the Canadian National Film Board, Zagreb Film, and the Pannonia Film Studio more than any existing animation school. Many of the student films are strange and inscrutable but they’re very rarely cliched, rote, or inauthentic. This is because seriousness is never a posture at GEIDAI; it comes naturally from the animators remaining true to themselves and their art. It’s not often that I’m unreservedly positive about a development in the world of Japanese animation but GEIDAI passes the test.

For the longest time the only way to see the GEIDAI films outside of the festival was to import their yearly anthology DVD or otherwise wait for individual artists to upload their own films on a Vimeo account. This might have something to do with GEIDAI sharing legal ownership of the films with their students so that they can promote them in film festivals overseas, but something must have changed over the last few months as GEIDAI has uploaded nearly every student film from the last 6 years onto their Vimeo and YouTube accounts.

Unfortunately GEIDAI still remains largely unknown in the anime community. Some of the best Japanese animation in years, freely available to anyone with an internet connection, fully subbed in English, and yet most it languishes in double digit views. With the 7th GEIDAI festival approaching us, I’ve written an introductory guide to these films in order to help spread the word. I hope to eventually have every artist represented here and will edit to keep up with new information and releases but for the time being I’ve played a bit of favoritism in my choices. Nevertheless, the vast, vast majority of their films are worth at least a viewing. If you want a synoptic rundown of everything included on the DVDs, Cathy Munroe Hotes of Nishikata Eiga has written blogposts covering every year so far.

GEIDAI 01+ (2010) [trailer]

Saori Shiroki (銀木沙織)

Graduated from Tama Arts University with a degree in oil painting. A paint-on-glass animator in the vein of Aleksandr Petrov. Her color palette rarely strays from sepia tones and muddy browns, and her use of sound is always sparse (2007’s MAGGOT is completely silent). After graduation she joined independent animation outfit CALF, doing commissioned work for a while. Unfortunately she hasn’t done much of note in the last 5 years, though last year she went on a tour of the US animation industry with some fellow indie animators.

Student films: Women who stole fingers
Other: Night lights

Atsushi Wada (和田淳)
Twitter

A self-taught animator, though he enrolled in Image Forum’s animation school before attending GEIDAI. Arguably the defining graduate of the first few years. Wada was a promising up-and-comer even before he applied to the program, appearing in the indie animation omnibus Tokyo Loop. After graduating he’s enjoyed success at numerous international film festivals, including winning the Silver Bear at the Berlinale in 2012. Wada’s films are drawn exclusively with 0.3mm and 0.5mm mechanical pencils on regular copying paper and calligraphy paper (ie not on cels) with color done digitally. His drawings have delicate lineart and distinctive “tatami mat” hatching. He describes his work in terms of ma (間), the negative space between movements. He was a founding member of CALF studio with Mirai Mizue and Kei Oyama though he has since left the group. Influenced by Igor Kovalyov, Priit Parn, Koji Yamamura, Nobuhiro Aihara, and Jan Svankmajer’s early features.

Student films: In a Pig’s Eye
Other: Day of Nose, The Mechanism of Spring

Akifumi Nonaka (野中晶史)
Twitter

Graduated from Nagoya City University with a degree in architecture. Of the 01 class Nonaka has best grasp of traditional 2D animation: the figures in CLIMBER are anatomically complex and adhere to linear perspective, yet move freely with tons of smears and deformations. After graduation he’s done freelance gigs and worked part-time as an instructor at Shouhoku College for a few years. According to his blog he might have a new film out soon.

Student films: CLIMBER
Other: The Rush Hour Commuters

Akiko Omi (大見明子)

Graduated from Wimbledon College of Art with a degree in set design. Omi’s claymation film Gathering fuses 2D projection and 3D claymation, combining her experience in theater with her experience as an animation modeler. Omi has made a few films after her stint at GEIDAI though she’s devoted her energies to set design just as frequently. Winner of the Yoji Kuri award at the ASK? art space kimura festival.

Student films: Gathering

GEIDAI 02 SOURCE (2011) [trailer]

Wataru Uekusa (植草航)
Twitter

Graduated from Tokyo Polytechnic University with a degree in animation. His style is similar to Yoh Yoshinari in that he combines traditional Western principles (follow through, squash and stretch, anticipation) with Japanese-style FX. His animation is lively, colorful, and unabashedly fun. He prefers animating music video. Currently a freelancer, he was responsible for Punchline’s ED.

Student films: The Tender March
Other: Himitsu Spark MV, fake!fake! MV

Masaki Okuda (奥田昌輝)
Twitter

Took up animation as a hobby while studying graphic design at Tama Arts University. As an undergrad he often collaborated with future GEIDAI grad Ryo Okawara. His film A Gum Boy made waves on the festival circuit and his graduate film Uncapturable Ideas is reportedly just as good (unfortunately as of this writing it’s one of the few GEIDAI films not available online). His work is strongly indebted to the jittery, cycled movement and roughly painted surfaces of instructor Yamamura’s own films. After graduation he’s done freelance work here and there.

Student films: A Gum Boy, Uncapturable Ideas
Other: The Garden of Pleasure

Toshiko Hata (秦俊子)

Graduated from GEIDAI’s undergrad Crafts program. Hata’s films utilize traditional model animation with plainly styled wooden dolls and are generally wordless. She has a fondness for uncanny horror. Currently a freelance animator and illustrator. She hosts her oldest films on her website.

Student films: Rootless Heart, Where He Can Relax
Other: Bloom

GEIDAI 03 TALK (2012) [trailer]

Ryo Okawara (大川原亮)
Twitter

Graduated from Tama Arts University with a degree in graphic design. As an undergrad Okawara collaborated with Masaki Okuda on a few films, notably Orchestra. His films generally have a clean, hard-edged aesthetic with no outlines. Yamamura’s 2011 film Muybridge’s Strings left a strong impression on him during his time at the university, something reflected in his graduation film A Wind Egg, widely acclaimed as the best of its year. Okawara is currently a member of CALF and last year debuted his crowdfunded project Sugar Lump which was built around an unusual system of Bobe Cannon-esque smears.

Student films: A Wind Egg, Walls
Other: Animal Dance, Orchestra

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Masanori Okamoto (岡本将徳)
Twitter

Was enrolled in Musashino Art University as a student in design before turning his attention to animation. A fan of Yuri Norstein, Okamoto’s paper cutout films are done with a similar degree of fastidiousness and close observation of human behavior. His graduation film I am alone, walking on the straight road. is a real cinematic UFO, depicting the poet Santoka Taneda in a moment of contemplation as he drinks and scans his surroundings. Several of his other films are made on-location in busy urban areas. After graduation he’s done some commissioned work like this music video.

Student films: I am alone, walking on the straight road., BONNIE
Other: GRANDMA, Mending a puncture

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ALIMO
Twitter

Taught himself animation while working as a medical cameraman in India. ALIMO’s films are usually done in oil paints, their palimpsestic texture conveying the weight of memory. Most of his work skews more towards installation and fine art than conventional animation. Considers himself an old-school Surrealist; his 2nd year film Open play, Forgetting eye was an extended riff on the exquisite corpse. After graduating he worked at the Estonian Academy of Arts for a couple years before moving back to Japan.

Student films: Island of Man, Open play, Forgetting eye

Sonomi Takada (高田苑実)

Graduated from Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design in the UK with a degree in fine art. Takada shares more in common with the so-called mythopoetic tradition of experimental cinema like Stan Brakhage and Nathaniel Dorsky than what’s commonly associated with independent animation, though she credits Nobuhiro Aihara as one of her main inspirations. Takada’s films make use of multiple exposure, time lapse, stop motion, pixilation, and an assortment of other tricks to create a dynamic and unusual surface. Her own hands, interacting with the material directly, are a recurring motif. Her graduation film The Surface of the Earth was made in response to the Tohoku earthquake.

Student films: The Surface of the Earth, The Life of the Weed
Other: Tower, Monster

YungSong Sung (宋永盛/ヨンソン・ソン)
Twitter

Born in South Korea and graduated from Musashino Art University. Sung’s work belongs to the visual music genre, with his intent to “draw rhythm.” Influences on his student films include Lucie Rie, Otar Iosseliani, and Hou Hsiao-hsien’s Cafe Lumiere. In 2015 he finished his first entirely self-produced project Moonlight Gravity.

Student films: QQQ, Part Blue
Other: Rainy Day, Moonlight Gravity

GEIDAI 04 SAIL (2013) [trailer]

Tatsuhiro Ariyoshi (有吉達宏)
Twitter

Graduated from the Musashiro Art University’s Department of Arts and Sciences where he was mentored by Keita Kurosaka. The intense expressionism of Kurosaka’s work left an impact on him but Ariyoshi’s own films are more animistic and abstract in nature. American animator Caleb Wood has praise Ariyoshi, saying that he focuses “on revealing the hidden movements in the foundations of our world.” He’s recently worked on converting his existing films into a live installation piece.

Student films: From a stone, From a dorphin
Other: Inner Odyssey, Oh Yeah, Oh Yeah MV

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Eri Kawaguchi (川口恵里)
Twitter

Graduated from Tama Arts University with a degree in graphic design. Physical sensation is at the heart of Kawaguchi’s work; she strives to see the world through ‘flesh’. Her films use tactile, multi-plane stop motion, depicting bodies in close-up. She’s a partner at CALF and in recent years has focused on 2D animation and illustration.

Student films: Flower and Steam, WILD WILD HAM
Other: strawberry sponge cake

Asami Ike (池亜佐美)
Twitter

As an undergraduate she attended GEIDAI’s graphic design program. Ike’s art is based on cutesy mascot characters but her films are often ethereal in tone. She pushed those qualities to their limit in her graduation film USALULLABY, produced using an unusual lighting method and accompanied by the music of Yuichi Kishino. In the last few years Ike has been producing Manga Nihon Mukashi Banashi-like shorts for NHK.

Student films: USALULLABY, The Cloudy Dog Talk About
Other: USAWALTZ, Paper Moon MV

Yumi Kawai (河井ゆう美)
Twitter

Graduated from Tokyo Zokei University’s animation program. Kawai’s films have a baroque shoujo quality borrowed from Moto Hagio and Seiichi Hayashi, particularly the latter’s Demon Love Song. Her graduation film 2 PM at the Glass House was made primarily through rotoscope and dissolves. Currently at Studio WIT.

Student films: 2 PM at the Glass House, Over Her Curtain

Satomi Usui (臼井聡美)
Twitter

Got her undergrad at GEIDAI. Her father was involved in forestry, inspiring a love of nature in her from an early age. Though most of her work is 2D, her graduation film was stop motion with replacement parts designed in Adobe Illustrator. Influenced by My Nieghbor Totoro, Belladonna of Sadness, Ranma 1/2, Dragon Ball, Pinocchio, and Takashi Nakamura’s Peter Pan no Bouken. Currently at Nintendo where she’s worked as a CG artist on Splatoon and Super Mario 3D World.

Student films: Of Mice and Clockworks, Rain Drops
Other: Nirvana

GEIDAI 05GO (2014) [trailer]

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Yantong Zhu (朱彦潼/シュ・ゲンドウ)
Twitter

Graduated with a degree in advertising from Nanjing University of Finance and Economics. Her film My Milk Cow Cup, which used her childhood relationship with her father as its basis, was the most praised of the graduating class due to its unorthodox combination of cold impartiality and childlike wonder. Her visual style is heavily influenced by Koji Yamamura. She recently animated a promo for the TV spy thriller X Company.

Student films: My Milk Cow Cup, Eating an Apple
Other: X Company Animated: Befriending the Enemy

Yutaro Kubo (久保雄太郎)
Twitter

Graduated with a degree in animation from Tokyo Polytechnic University. A wild and expressive animator who funnels his creativity through rigorous constraints and patterns. He’s cited Ryan Larkin as his main influence and he was an assistant animator on Yamamura’s Hyuga episode of Kojiki. He’s recently done the LOVE&GIFT promotional series for H.P. France.

Student Films: 00:08, Kicking Rocks
Other: crazy for it

Yewon Kim (キム・イェオン)
Twitter

Graduated from Tokyo Polytechnic University with a degree in animation. Kim’s work is more about design than motion, reminiscent of the best parts of Ward Kimball’s Melody and Toot Whistle Plunk Boom in that every shot has an entirely different color scheme and character design. Most of Kim’s films have a slice of life charm to them. Along with fellow GEIDAI grads Ai Sugaya and Toshikazu Tamura she founded OnionSkin, an animator collective specializing in music videos.

Student films: Everyday Sins, My Frame
Other: Language, Little Sweetheart

Moe Koyano (小谷野萌)

Graduated from Tokyo Polytechnic University with a degree in animation. Koyano’s films are moody and depressive in character but surprisingly rich in color, even when bathed in darker hues. Her thin scribbly lineart helps emphasize the bold approach to color. After graduation, she’s attended The Animation Workshop in Denmark.

Student films: Mrs. KABAGOdZILLA, My Dear Flesh
Other: OPENIT.

Onohana (小野ハナ)
Twitter

Graduated from Iwate University with a degree in art culture. The second woman to ever win the Noburo Ofuji award, Onohana’s Crazy Little Thing is probably the most acclaimed film of this class besides Zhu’s. Unlike most GEIDAI grads, Onohana has thus far been able to keep up a steady pace of production after graduation (her two newest films are such a good place to die and Ouch, Chou Chou). Her blog interview mentions Igor Kovalyov and Atsuko Fukushima as inspirations.

Student films: Crazy  Little Thing, Do as the Fish Tells You
Other: Origami of landscape

Manami Wakai (若井麻奈美)
Twitter

Graduated Tama Art University with a degree in oil painting. Wakai’s animation has a clean, naive simplicity and she often makes use of mixed media. Her films are restrained, contemplative, and a tad melancholic. Currently a manager for ANIME SAKKA ZAKKA, a relatively new independent animation festival that has featured several ex-GEIDAI students. Fan of Pom Poko and Amelie.

Student films: Lonesome Hero, Daily Lives at Daisy Lodge
Other: SANKAKU

GEIDAI 06 DAWN (2015) [trailer]

Yoko Yuki (幸洋子)
Twitter

A graduate from Nagoya University of the Arts and Sciences with a degree in visual media. Yuki mixes a number of radically different styles and materials together – 2D, 3D, digital, analog, claymation, rotoscope, paper cutouts – all unified by her exuberantly crude draftsmanship. There’s a documentary undercurrent to her work as well, particularly Zdravstvuite! which used on-location sound. Despite their cheery exterior her films have an ambiguous tone that’s difficult to decipher at first. Animated a music video for OnionSkin that riffed on BL manga.

Student films: See ya Mr. Banno!, Zdravstvuite!
Other: It’s precious time, Toyoichi MV

Yukie Nakauchi (中内友紀恵)
Twitter

Graduated from Tama Arts University with a degree in graphic design. Early in her career she collaborated with Mirai Mizue on Poker. Probably one of the year’s best in terms of technical skill, Nakauchi likes to combine the structure of abstract animation with solid, weighty forms. Due to her background in music, Nakauchi’s films emphasize aural qualities within the animation itself.

Student films: I’m here, Scape Escape
Other: celebration and chorale

Takashi Shibuya (澁谷岳志)
Twitter

Graduated Shinshu University with a degree in geology. Shibuya uses charcoal, thick pastels, and pencil for his animation. His films are bleak and grotesque. His influences include Egon Schiele and linguist Akira Mikami. Often confused for being a woman due to his feminine appearance.

Student films: Holy Shit!, SELF Image
Other: Self incident

Megumi Ishitani (石谷恵)
Twitter

Got her undergraduate degree in visual media from GEIDAI. An animator squarely in the Milt Kahl tradition of perspectival accuracy and balanced composition (she mentioned Otomo on Twitter). A traditionalist, Ishitani’s films wouldn’t be out of place next to something like Takashi Nakamura’s Shashinkan. Currently at Toei.

Student films: Scutes on my MindOh Dear
Other: The art education

koya
Twitter

Graduate of Musashiro Art University, where he was exposed to the works of Keita Kurosaka. As an animator he combines professional grade sakuga action with baldfaced amateurism, resulting in a kind of highly refined heta-uma. These qualities made him a perfect fit for adapting web comic artist ONE’s style in the Mob Psycho 100 manga commercials. He’s recently founded his own video/animation group called KENJA.

Student films: Wild Boys Advance, ImZoo
Other: We are wise men

ShiShi Yamazaki (シシヤマザキ)
Twitter

Got her undergraduate degree in graphic design from GEIDAI. Yamazaki specializes in rotoscope, usually starring herself as the main subject. She’s done a number of videos with bright pastel coloring but her GEIDAI films are monochrome and passed through a staticky VHS filter. Yamazaki has done a number of side gigs in addition to her directorial work like animating on music videos for Zedd’s Papercut and Pharrell Williams’s It Girl as well as her lifelong project to create a new face mask every single day.

Student films: Moonlit Night and Opal,  aaH/Hee
Other: YA-NE-SEN a Go Go

Tsumugi Harunari (春成つむぎ)
Twitter

Graduate of the International Academy of Media Arts and Sciences with a degree in CGI animation, though her own films are 2D (TVPaint). Her work is marked by its sensual, quasi-abstract texture and ambient sound design. Before attending GEIDAI, she animated a promotional video for the Yamaguchi Center for Arts and Media.

Student films: Tepid Bath, cubic centimeter
Other: Botobotoboto

GEIDAI 07 YELL (2016) [trailer]

MADOKA (円香)
Twitter

Graduate of Tokyo Zokei University. Since she took a gap year her first year film GYRØ is already available. MADOKA’s works draws influence from Michelangelo Antonioni, Ruth Lingford, Luis Bunuel, Michaela Pavlatova, feminism, and the occult. While GYRØ was made with paint, her graduate film TO HEEL will utilized a 2D/3D hybrid system partly inspired by the bizarre ‘Superlivemation’ of Mamoru Oshii’s Tachiguishi-Retsuden.

Student films: GYRØ, TO HEEL

Mio Yamanaka (山中澪)
Twitter

Graduate of Kobe University. Yamanaka’s films feature diminutive characters, a sparse color palette, constant line boil, and a design sensibility based around implied lines. Unusual for Japanese animation, her GEIDAI films are prescored. She’s a fan of contemporary Japanese fiction, Don Hertzfeldt, and PriPara.

Student films: 4 stories, and,end
Other: Chidori, Kaeritai

Takuto Katayama (片山拓人)
Twitter

Graduated from the design program at Nihon University. Worked in graphic design for two years before returning to animation. Katayama says his animation is based around bodily discomfort. He draws in TVPaint but does the actual photography on paper printouts in order to maintain the texture of analog animation. His graduation film In Inertia complicates this back-and-forth process between digital and analog via After Effects, penciled shading, and extensive use of animatics.

Student filmsIn Inertia, Melting Down
Other: Dissimilated Vision

Chayanit K. (K・チャヤーニット)

Real name Chayanit Kiatchokechaikul. GEIDAI’s first Thai graduate. Her drawings are understated and charming. Equally desirous of becoming a mangaka as becoming an animator. Fan of A. A. Milne’s Winnie the Pooh, Charles Schultz’s Peanuts, and Tove Jansson’s Moomin.

Student films: Dear Little Tim, Will Hatching Day Come?

Yikun Wang (王祎坤/オウ・イコン)

Chinese expat. As with MADOKA, he took a gap year and so his first year film is currently available. One of the better conventional 2D animators of his class. All his animation is processed digitally and rendered without outlines. His visual style is influenced by illustrator Komako Sakai.

Student films: SPOON, RED FOREST

Xinxin Liu (刘新新/リュウ・シンシン)
Twitter

Graduated from the China Academy of Art with a degree in animation. Liu’s films are hand-painted with acrylics and feature embroidery and collage techniques, though she composes the initial drawings digitally. Influenced by Jacques Tati’s Playtime and Mon Oncle, Wes Anderson’s The Grand Budapest Hotel, and Wim Wenders’s Wings of Desire. Her graduation film is set on the beaches of Dalian, her hometown.

Student films: At the Mouth of Summer, The Yellow Ball
Other: Her

Hitomi Ohtakara (大寳ひとみ)
Twitter

Worked as a video production assistant after graduating from Musashino Art University. Her animation is based in mixed media, time lapse, and stop motion. Her graduation film calling you was inspired by Rinko Kawauchi’s photo book Utatane.

Student films: calling you, Bugburger

7 Comments

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  1. Thank you for this informative article, first time I hear about this program.
    I have watched few of them and I will try to watch the rest later.

    Anyway, after I read this, I start wondering where those creators can use their skills in the future beside indies projects?. I don’t think they can do anything like this in commercial animation industry. I have noticed that Megumi Ishitani(Oh dear) became an assistant ED in Dragon ball Super, which definitely will limited her skills more than any other projects.

    Liked by 2 people

    • The animation industry is fortunately opening up to more experimental animation. Also think about Igor Kovalyev, look at his film Hen, His Wife and then think about the fact that he directed Rugrats the Movie🙂

      Like

  2. I might be wrong but shouldn’t it be Tokyo University of the Arts instead of the University of Tokyo (Todai)?

    Like

  3. I’ve been looking for a replacement to the Animator Expo for some time now, so thanks for this! I’ve watched five of them so far (the first four featured here and Fox Fears).

    However, while I do enjoy the creativity and skill on display so far, I can’t say they surpass the Animator Expo or Space Dandy for me so far. With the exception of The Tender March, they feel rather bleak, and lack a certain ‘sense of joy’ that felt frequently present in both the Expo and Space Dandy. It doesn’t help I tend to be a fan of bright and colorful aesthetics (hence partly why Bubu and Bubulina is my favourite short of the Expo).

    It might just be that your taste and mine don’t mesh though, since Fox Fears is my favourite one so far. I’ll watch some more and see if my opinion changes.

    Liked by 2 people

  4. Hello, Thank you very much for this article, and also all the resources. I have been eyeing at Kyoto Seika U and Geida for many many years. But for the longest time I though ot them as dream. After many problems, mostly in health, I am thinking that you live only once, and decide to do one then the other. What do I lose trying anyway ? I have other skills that can help me live while doing it, and I am back on track with my japanese. It is nice to have an english article about this Program thought ! I have never seen either of the Universities I just talked about on animation or manga websites in english, and yet ! …

    Take a look at this too : http://www.seika-mangaworks.jp/

    All the best,

    LK

    Liked by 2 people

  5. thank you very much !!

    Like

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